“Tiger and Crane Double Form” (Fu Hok Seung Ying), second of so called „Three Treasures of Hung Kyun“ (Hung Kyun Saam Bou), is almost synonymous with today’s “modern” Hung Ga.
Wong Fei Hung lineage of Hung Kyun is often reffered to as „Tiger and Crane Hung Kyun“ (Fu Hok Hung Kyun) in Southern China, as well as simply „Tiger Crane System“ (Fu Hok Paai).
One of Lam Sai Wing’s nicknames was “Mr. Tiger and Crane” (Fu Hok Sing Saang); according to one of the apocryphal legends, tiger and crane appeared at the the door of Lam family household when Grand Master Lam was born.
Grand Master Lam Jou’s famous school logo, Fu Hok Jeung, designed by his classmate Leung Wing Haang in 1930’s consists of tiger and crane characters in a diamond shape.
Southern Chinese masters proudly say: „Combination of Tiger Crane is Invincible under the Heaven“ (Fu Hok Hap Yat, Tin Ha Mou Dik) – and have iron claws and lighting fast groin kicks to persuade those who doubt that.
No doubt that the fighting skill of the previous generations was one of the reasons why the „Tiger and Crane“ school gained such a reputation. Wong Fei Hung, Lam Sai Wing, Mok Gwai Laan, Dang Fung, Dang Yi, Lam Jou, Lau Jaam, Chan Hon Jung, Ho Lap Tin, Jiu Gaau, Siu Ying and all other famous Grand Masters considered Fu Hok Seung Ying to be one of the corner stones of our system.
Why is it so? What is so special about Fu Hok?
Wong Man Kai, disciple of Lam Sai Wing, writes in his “Discussion of Fu Hok Seung Ying“:
…[Wong Fei Hung] has met many other good Gung Fu teachers. He picked the good points of different Gung Fu styles and then created the set Fu Hok Seung Ying Kyun
…Fu Hok Seung Ying Kyun also uses the strong points of the Gung Fu styles Hung, Mok, Hap and Fat as a reference. The set contains hard and soft techniques, as well as long and short ranged techniques. In addition, the set contains attacks and defenses.
(Translated by K. van ‘t Slot)
One of the reasons why Fu Hok Seung Ying Kyun got so famous is the fact that it contains the best techniques and concepts of various Southern Chinese martial arts:
- „Twelve Bridges“ (Sap Yi Ji Kiu Sau) of Tit Kiu Saam’s lineage of Southern Siu Lam/„Old Hung Kyun“
- „Tiger Form“ (Fu Ying) from legendary founder Hung Hei Gun.
- „Crane Form“ (Hok Ying) supposedly from Fong Wing Cheun/“Third Lady“ of Wing Cheun
- „Long Bridges“ (Cheung Kiu) from „Buddhist Family Arhat Style“ (Fat Ga Lo Hon Kyun), ie. Hap Ga
- Techniques from other Southern Chinese martial systems – Siu Lam Kyun, Choi Ga Kyun, Mok Ga Kyun etc.
“Tiger and Crane Double Form” (like most of today’s Hung Ga) is not original, „Orthodox Hung Kyun“ (Hung Kyun Jing Jung), but Jaap Ga, literally „Mixed Families“, kind of Southern Chinese MMA. Grand Master Wong Fei Hung was one of the major martial arts inovators of his time – learned a lot fo various styles, watched other people’s skill, exchanged. Seems like today’s generation is much more „traditional“ than the old timers interesting, isn’t it?
In Practical Hung Kyun we teach series of specific application drills (Saan Sau) for each of the sections of Fu Hok, fighting strategies as well as special strengthening and conditioning exercises for tiger claws, cranes beak and long bridges.
Knowing and being able to perform beautiful Fu Hok Seung Ying doesn’t mean your Hung Kyun is any good. To be „invincible“ you have to work on your Lin Gung and practical reality-based self-defense.
To find out more about Fu Hok Seung Ying Kyun, please check out Chan Hon Chung’s Tiger and Crane Double Form Set Manual.
Pavel Macek Sifu, Practical Hung Kyun
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